Lawrence J. Fennelly, CPOI, CSSI, IFPO Past President, current board member
Marianna Perry, M.S., CPP, CPOI, IFPO Secretary/Treasurer
The theory of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design is based on one simple idea: that crime results partly from the opportunities presented by physical environment. This being the case, it should be possible to alter the physical environment so that crime is less likely to occur. — Ronald V. Clarke
When determining what security components are needed in a parking garage or parking lot (or any other facility), it pays to be proactive. Take into consideration what would be a “reasonable” level of security and base your security program on the recommendations from the vulnerability/physical security assessment recommendations of a security professional.
Take into consideration any previous criminal activity in the area, the neighborhood where the parking garage/parking lot is located, the design of the structure or layout of the lot, whether there is an attendant or security officers on-duty 24/7 and the initial and on-going operational costs of security. Both active and passive security measures should be used for an effective security program and don’t forget to practice target hardening.
Many times, it is a challenge for planners to pick the right combination of security measures to provide the highest level of safety and security possible. An assessment conducted by a security professional can help with this process. It is more difficult and costly to retrofit security into an existing environment than to “build” security into the design of the parking garage or parking lot.
There are many elements that can go into a successful parking safety/security program, including up-graded access controls with auditing capabilities so access can be tracked or locked down, if necessary. Adequate lighting must be a part of any security program. Ensure that the type and placement of lighting in parking garages and parking lots is assessed so there are no dark shadows between cars where someone could hide. Lighting in elevator lobbies and stairwells of parking garages should be bright enough to provide facial recognition.
Painting the walls and ceilings in parking garages can increase lighting because the light will be reflected and the area will appear better lit. Security officer or law enforcement patrols with varied routes can be a visual deterrent. Landscaping and engineering adjustments utilizing CPTED concepts can be “built” into the design of the parking garage or parking lot. Parking garages and/or parking lots that are unkempt or rundown invite criminal activity. Sometimes, security equipment will need to be added or upgraded, but something as simple as upgrading maintenance can add to safety and security.
The International Foundation for Protection Officers (IFPO) is dedicated to providing meaningful and cost effective security training for security guards and protection officers.
We believe that education is a necessary and essential part of professional security training and the security officer’s background. IFPO serves individuals, security companies, and organizations that have their own private security staff. Our students and members benefit from the recognition and standing that the prestigious IFPO certification conveys.
International Foundation for Protection Officers Mission Statement
Mission Statement Part I.
The International Foundation for Protection Officers provides professional learning opportunities for security practitioners, to impart the knowledge, skills, and competencies required to maximize job performance and enhance career potential.
Purpose: to make a positive difference in the quality of the participant’s job performance and elevate the professional status of students who partake of our learning opportunities.
Business: to supply committed security practitioners with a quality education to help achieve their highest potential and provide recognized accreditation for successful completion of educational goals.
Values: commitment, integrity, responsibility, and standards of excellence, provide the platform that supports our journey as we pursue our mission.
Commitment to Excellence: To be the recognized center of excellence and primary provider of education and training products and services to the security industry.
Mission Statement Part II.
“The International Foundation for Protection Officers is committed to the support and professional development of protection officers and supervisors. Through advocacy, promoting training standards, and providing accessible training, education and certification opportunities, we seek to enhance their professional standing as well as increase and diversify the value of the vital services they provide.”